Wednesday, 30 December 2015

Complete Life Part 1


Hazrat Muhammad PBUH was born in about Year 570 (20 or 22 April) on Monday Morning (9 or 12 Rabi al Awwal

 At that Time, Justinian II was the Roman Empero

 Europe was in Dark Ages

 Born during the reign of a “Just King” meaning Chosreos I , The 
Persian Monarch ( Khosru Nusherwan ) who reigned from 531 – 579

 In Arab, Born during the “ Year of Elephant Event “ 
( A Failed assault on Makkah by an army Using Elephants by King Abraha) ( Surah Al-feel , Al- Quran )

 Born as Orphan because Abdullah died shortly before his birth

Miracles at Birth of Holy Prophet PBUH

    The idols fall down in Kabbah including biggest idol “ Hubba “

 Hazrat Amna said, there was a light that issued out of my pudendum and lit the palaces of Syria.

 The fire in the Magi temple of the Zoroastrians which had been alight for thousands of years, became quenched for the first time in recorded history

 Fourteen towers of the Royal palace of Nausherwan, the Emperor of Persia, broke and fell

 Some churches on Lake Sawa sank down and collapsed

 Abdul-Muttalib called the baby Muhammad, a name not then common among the Arabs.


The Life Of Holly Prophet(SAW)

Life of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) in Madina

2 Hijrih:
  • In 2 Hijrih the command was given to face the Ka'bah (Masjid-e-Haram, Makkah), instead of facing Baitul Maqsad during Prayer (Salaah).
  • Sariyyah or Expedition of Abdullah bin Jahsh and the first booty in Islam took place in the same year 2 Hijrih.
  • The most significant battle of Badar fought in the same year on the 17th Ramadhaan, 2 Hijrih. Muslims were 313 while Non-muslims Quraish were 1000. Abu Jahal was killed in this battle by Mu'aaz and Mu'awwiz two ansaari youngsters. 70 of the disbelievers were killed and 70 were taken captive. OnlyOld Madina 14 Sahabaah were martyred. 6 were from muhajireen and 8 from ansaar.
  • Prophet's daughter Sayyidah Ruqayya passed away.
  • Eid Salaah was performed for the first time.
  • The command of Fasting in Ramadhan and Zakah was given in this year.
  • Sadqa-tul-Fitr, the Salaah of Eid-ul-Adha and Qurbani were all make wajib in this year.
  • In Zul-Hijjah Sayyidah Fatima was married to Sayyad Ali.
3 Hijrih:
  • The battle of Uhud took place on 7th Shawaal 3 Hijrih. The army of disbelievers was three thousand while muslims were thousand and Adbullah bin Ubayy and three hundred of his followers deserted the muslims and returned to Madinah. The muslim army was left with only seven hundred soldiers.Twenty two or twenty three disbelievers were killed and seventy muslims martyred in this battle.
  • Prophet married Sayyidah Hafsah and Sayyidah Zaynub.
  • Wine was made Haraam
  • Sayyidina Hasan was born
  • The battle of Ghatafaan took place in Rabi-ul-Awwal. Du'thoor bin Haarith Muhaaribi marched with an army of four hundred and fifty soldiers to attack Madinah. Prophet and his companions came out of Madinah to confront him but they fled out of fear for the muslims and hid in the mountains tops.
4 Hijrih:
  • Incident of Bir-e-Ma'oonah happened in which a group of Prophet's companions were martyred by the tribes of A'amir, Ri'l, Zakwaan and U'sayya. Planned by Abu Bara A'mir misled Prophet into believing that if a group of companions were sent to Najd to preach Islam. Prophet Muhammad PBUH sent a group of companiions to Najd in the month of Safar 4 Hijrih. This group of companions consisted of many Ulama and Quraa.
  • The birth of Sayyidina Hussain
  • Prophet married Sayyidah Umme Salmah
  • Prophet instructed Sayyidina Zaid bin Thabit to learn the Jewish language (Hebrew)
 5 Hijrih:
Battle of Khandaq (trench) or Battle of Ahzaab (groups) took place in Zil-Qa`dah 5 A.H. All the groups (Quraish of Makkah, the Jews and Munafiqeen (Hypocrites)) gathered their forces and decided to attack Madinah. An army of ten thousand fierce warriors, which later doubled, marched towards Madinah to destroy the Muslims.
Sayyidina Salmaan Farsi suggested to make trenches around the city of Madinah. Then Prophet Muhammad PBUH together with three thousand companions prepared to dig these trenches which was 5 metres wide and 5 metres deep and about 8 kilometres long. It took the 6 days to complete digging it.
The disbelievers placed Madinah under siege for almost fifteen days. The Banu Quraizah, whom the Muslims feared, sided with the disbelievers and this increased their number.
Prophet missed his four prayers (Salaah) on one day when disbelievers began throwing stones and shooting arrows at the muslims. Allah sent a hurricane against the disbelievers that it uprooted their tents from the ground and overturned their pots that were over the blazing fire.
Banu Quraizah joined the disbelievers in the battle of trench and broke their agreement with Prophet, So after the battle muslims attacked them. They locked themselves in their fort for twenty-five days.
6 Hijrih:
  • In the beginning of Zil-Qa'dah 6 A.H, Prophet Muhammad PBUH tied ihram for Umrah and set out towards Makkah with a large group of 1400 companions. Prophet camped at Hudaybiyyah (name of a well about 25.5km from Makkah) because disbelievers of Makkah didnot allow muslims to perform Umrah. Prophet sent Sayyidina Uthmaan to Makka to negociate with disbelievers but rumour spread that disbelievers killed Sayyidina Uthmaan then Prophet took a pledge (Bayt) for Jihad under an acacia tree, which is called Bay'at-ru-Ridhwaan. Later on they learnt that this was only a rumour. The muslims and disbelievers agreed to sign a treaty. Allah releaved Surah Fatah, wherein this treaty was termed as an open victory.
  • Sayyidina Khalid bin Waleed and A'mr bin A'as accepted Islaam.
  • Prophet sent letters to the kings of the world to preach and describe the message of Islam. A'mr bin Umayya was sent to the king of Ethiopia (Najashi, Ashumah). Dihya kalbi was sent to the emperor rome (Hiraql, Hercules), Abdullah bin Hudhayfah was sent to the leader of Persia (Kisrah), Haatib bin Abi Balta'a was sent to the leader of Egypt (Maqowqas), A'mr bin A'as was sent to the leader of Oman.
 7 Hijrih:
  • When Banu Nadheer was banished from Madinah because they has broken their treaty with muslims, they settled in Khaibar but still encouraging neighbouring tribes to fight against muslims. So in Muharram or Jumadul-Ula Prophet with his six hundred companions left for Khaibar. Allah grant the muslims victory and they gained control over all the forts of the Jews. Sayyidinah Ali played a great role in this Jihad.
  • Prophet performed Umrah, which was missed the previous year when the treaty of Hudaybiyya was signed.
  • Prophet married Sayyidah Maymoonah.
 8 Hijrih:
  • Prophet sent Sayyidina Harith bin U'mair to Shurahbeel, the governor of Busrah with the invitation of Islam. Shurahbeel reacted with aggression and killed Sayyidina Harith bin U'mair. So, in 8 A.H Prophet sent an army of three thousand to confront Shurahbeel. Shurahbeel prepared an army of nearly one hundred and fifty thousand soldiers. 3 muslims against 150 disbelievers. This battle took place at Muta, a place in Shaam (Syria) 51.5km from Baitul Maqsid and close to the city of Balqaan. Three leaders of muslims (Sayyidinah Zaid bin Haritha, Sayyidina Ja'far, and Sayyidinah Abdullah bin Rawaha) martyred then muslims gained victory under commanment of Sayyidina Khalid bin Waleed.
  • Prophet Muhammad PBUH began preparing for Jihad, on 3rd Ramadhan 8 A.H after A'sr Prophet with an army of ten thousand left Madinah towards Makkah. Allah gave command over Makkah without fight and On Friday, 20th Ramadhan, Prophet made Tawaaf of the Ka'bah and broke all the idols placed inside Ka'bah. Prophet, who was a mercy unto mankind addressed to disbelievers of Makkah as " Today you all are free. There is no blame on you". Prophet remained in Makkah for fifteen days. Thereafter, returend to Madinah and appointed Sayyidinah I'tab bin Usayd as the governor of Makkah.
  • After the conquest of Makkah, the Arabs began entering into Islam in large numbers but two Arab tribes (Hawaazin and Thaqeef) could not tolerate the rise of Islam and prepared to wage war against the muslims and set out towards Makkah. Prophet gathered twelve thousand companions to fight them. On the 6th Sawaal this army left Makkah and when they reached the valley of Hunain the enemy attached the muslims from all directions. In initial stage muslims faced defeat but later on muslims gained victory. Only four muslims martyred whereas more than seventy disbelievers were killed. Muslims took possession of all their belongings among which twenty four thousand camels, more than forty thousand goats and four thousand awqiya (490 kgs).
  • After the Banu Hawaazin and Thaqeef were defeated in Hunain they took protection in the fort of Taaif. Prophet followed them and approximately eighteen days they laid seige to the fort. Then Prophet left and camped at Ji'rranah and handedover persons who were captured at Hunain on the request of people of Taaif. After returning to Madinah, a delegation from Taaif came to Madinah and accepted Islam.
  • Thereafter, Prophet performed Umrah from Ji'rranah and returned to Madinah on the 6th Zul-Qa'dah 8 A.H.
 9 Hijrih:
  • After returning from Taaif, Prophet remained in Madinah until the middle of 9 A.H. Prophet began preparation for Jihad as he was informed that Hiraql (Hercules) was preparing an army at Tabuk to attack the muslims after their defeat in Muta. In Rajab, Prophet left Madinah for Tabuk with twenty thousand companions. Hiraql fled from Tabuk and no battle was fought. Muslim returned after staying in Tabuk for fifteen to twenty days. This was the last battle that Prophet Muhammad fought. Prophet returned to Madinah in Ramadhan 9 A.H.
  • After returning from Tabuk, Prophet appointed Sayyidina Abu Bakr as the leader of Hajj and sent him to Makkah.
 10 Hijrih:
  • Prophet left for Hajj on the 25th Zul-Qa'dah 10 A.H. and more than one hundred thousand companions joined him. Prophet tied ihram from Zul-Hulaifah, six miles from Madinah. They, reached Makkah on Saturday, 4th Zil-Hijjah. On the 9th Zul-Hijjah after reaching Arafaat, Prophet delivered a very inspiring Khutbah (Speech) which was full of advice and wisdom. After performing Hajj, Prophet remained in Makkah for few days and thereafter returned to Madinah.
11 Hijrih:
  • After returning from Makkah, Prophet prepared an army on the 26th Safar 11 A.H. to fight the Romans. Amongst the soldiers were many leading companions like Sayyidina Abu Bakr, Sayyidina Umar, Sayyidina Abu U'baidah bin Jarrah and Prophet appointed Sayyidina Usama as the ameer  (leader) of this army. This was the last army that Prophet arranged himself. This army had not yet left Madinah when Prophet fell ill. Prophet Muhammad PBUH thereafter passed away and Sayyidinah Abu Bakr dispatched this army.
  • On 28th Safar 11 A.H. Prophet visited Jannatul Baqee where he made dua for the inmates of the graves. After returning home, he experienced a headache and from then onwards had a fever, which lasted for thirteen days. In this condition Prophet left this world.
  • On Monday the 12th Rabi-ul-Awwal, after the Zuhr Salaah, Prophet left this worldly abode and went to meet his creator, Allah.
Prophet was buried after two days, on Wednesday, at the time of sehri (early down). Prophet was sixty-three years old at the time of his demise.

Makki Life of the Hazrat Muhammad (Sallalllaho Alaihi Wassallam)

Life of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) in Makkah

  • Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was born in Makkah, Arabia, on Monday, 12 or 9 Rabi Al-Awal (20th April A.D. 571).

  • He belongs to Quraish tribe and Banu Hashim Family.

  • His mother name is Aminah, daughter of Wahb Ibn Abdu Manaf of the Zahrah family. His maternal grandmother's (mother's mother) name was Barrah.

  • His father name is Abdullah, son of Abdul Muttalib, bin Hashim bin Abd-e-Manaaf of Quraish family. HisOld Makkah paternal grandmother's (father's mother) name was Fatima.

  • Muhammad's father died before his birth.

  • Prophet Muhammad first breastfed by his mother, then by Thuwaibah, the freed slave of his uncle , Abu Lahab and then by Haleemah Sa'diyah.

  • The people of Makkah sent their children to the country-side. Prophet Muhammad PBUH was aslo sent to the country-side. A lady by the name of Haleemah took him into her care, who belongs to Banu Saad tribe. Prophet Muhammad PBUH stayed with Haleemah for four years. (A.D. 575)

  • During stay at Haleemah's home the famous incident of the splitting of Prophet Muhammad's chest took place.

  • Prophet Muhammad PBUH stayed with his mother only for two years. His mother died at Abwa when he was six years old. (A.D. 577)

  • His grandfather Abdul Muttalib took him in his care. Two years later, his grandfather was passed away, when Prophet Muhammad PBUH was at age of eight. (A.D. 579)

  • Muhammad PBUH accompanied his uncle Abu Talib on a mercantile journey to Syria when he was twelve years old. Christian monk Buhaira met Muhammad PBUH at Busra during this journey. He looked at Muhammad PBUH and told Abu Talib that he is indeed the final Prophet (A.D. 583).

  • When Muhammad PBUH was twenty-five years old, he traveled once more to Syria to carry the business of Khadijah, with her slave Maysarah. During this journey, they met another christian monk by the name of Nastoorah. He also bore testimony to his prophethood (A.D. 596).

  • Khadijah wished to marry with Prophet Muhammad PBUH due to his honesty and truthfulness. When they married, Prophet Muhammad PBUH was twenty-five years old and sayidah Khadijah was forty years old (A.D. 596). This marriage lasted for 25 years and 2 months. Prophet Muhammad PBUH did not marry any other woman during her lifetime. From sayidah Khadijah, Prophet had 4 daughters and 2 sons.

  • Names of Prophet Muhammad's children were: (1)  Sayyidah Zaynub   (2)  Sayyidah Umm-e-Kulthoom   (3)  Sayyidah Ruqayya   (4)  Sayyidah Fatima   (5) Sayyed Qasim   (6)  Sayyed Tahir. Prophet Muhammad another son by the name of Ibrahim, who was born from Mariya Qibtiyya.

  • At the age of thirty: At the instigation of the faithful Muhammad PBUH, an old league called the Federation of Fudul. (A.D. 601)

  • Muhammad PBUH settled by his judgment a grave dispute in rebuilding the Sacred House of the Ka'ba, when he was thirty-five years old. (A.D. 606)

  • Allah had chosen him as Prophet when He was in the cave of Hira in the month of Ramadhaan. Jibrael recited verses from Iqra (Surah Alaq). Prophet Muhammad PBUH was forty years old when this happened. (A.D. 611)

  • Waraqa bin Naufal, cousin of Khadijah, who was learned in the Christian and Jewish books, confirmed that Muhammad PBUH is the Prophet of Allah.

  • Sayida Khadijah was the first person (woman) to accept Islam, Hadhrat Abu Bakr was the first person (Male) to accept Islam, Hadhrat Ali Ibn Talib was the first person (child) to accept Islam, Hadhrat Zaid bin Haarithah was the first person (freed Slave) to accept Islam.

  • Following persons accepted Islam due to hidden preaching of Prophet Muhammad PBUH: Hadhrat Uthmaan, Hadhrat Talha, Hadhrat Zubair, Hadhrat Abdur Rahman, Hadhrat Bilal, Hadhrat Yaasir, Hadhrat Sumayyah, Hadhrat Ammaar, Hadhrat Abdullah Bin Mas'ood and Hadhrat Arqam. This hidden preaching lasts for three years. (A.D. 611-614)

  • After three years, Prophet Muhammad PBUH climbed mount Safa and called Quraish and invited his family to Islam.

  • Prophet permitted his companions to migrate to Habsha (Ethiopia). On 5th Rajab in the fifth year after Nubuwwat about 15 or 16 companions migrated Ethiopia. They were 11 men and 4 or 5 women. It was first migration to Ethiopia. 83 men and 18 women went to Abyssinia (Ethiopia) by the permission of Prophet Muhammad PBUH after the 7th year of Nubuwwat. This was the second Hijrah (Migration) in Islam. The king of Abyssinia was called Negus (Najashi).

  • Kuffaar boycotted the Muslims and exiled them to a small section of Makkah called as Sa'ab Abhi Talib. Nobody was allowed to sell food them or help them in anyway. For three years muslims lived and suffered in that place. It was happened after 7th year of Nubuwwat.

  • After three years of hardship, muslims were allowed to leave that section. This cruel boycott had a bad effect on the health of Hadhrat Khadijah and Abu Talib. Both passed away shortly after the boycott.

  • Prophet Muhammad PBUH went to Ta'if in 10th year of Nubuwwat. He was accompanied by Zaid bin Haarithah. The people of Ta'if refused to accept Islam. Stones thrown at him and he was chased out of the town. Bleeding and tired, he took shelter in the garden of Utbah bin Rabi'ah.

  • The journey of Mi'raaj took place after the 11th year of Nubuwwat. Prophet Muhammad PBUH was taken from Makkah to Masjid-e-Aqsa in Jerusalem on the Burraaq. From Jesusalem, he went to seven heavens. He met all the previous Prophets and Allah gave him five daily Prayers (Salaah). This journey was took place in just one night.

  • A group of 6 people from Madinah tribe Khazraj (then called Yathrib) met Prophet Muhammad PBUH secretly in a place called A'qabah. They accepted Islam.

  • Following year they brought a bigger group of 12 persons to accept Islam. There were 10 from Khazraj and 2 from Ows. They invited Prophet Muhammad PBUH to live in Madinah. This pledge is known as Bay't-ul-'Aqabah Al-Ula.

  • Next year 70 men and 2 women came in Makkha on Hajj and accepted Islam by preaching of Sayidina Mus'ab bin 'Umair. Which was sent to Madinah on request of people of Madinah to teach Qur'an and matters. This pledge is known as Bay't-ul-Aqabah Ath-Thaaniyah.

  • The muslims of Makkah were given permission to leave and settle in Madinah.

  • 13th year after Nubuwwat, Prophet Muhammad PBUH left Makkah and migrated to Madinah with Sayidina Abu Bakr. They went to the cave of Thaur. They stayed in the cave for 3 days. Sayidina Abu Bakr's son used to inform them of what was happening in Makkah at night and his daughter would send food for them.

  • After 3 days staying in the cave both persons left for Madinah on Camels brought by Abu Bakr's slave Aamir bin Fuhairah on 4th Rabi-ul-Awwal.

  • This event, of leaving Makkah and going to Madinah, is known as the Hijrah.

  • On the journey to madinah, Prophet Muhammad PBUH stayed in Quba for 14 days. Quba was outskirts of madinah. He built the first Masjid of Islam in the history.

  • Prophet Muhammad PBUH left for madinah on Friday, in the month of Rabi-ul-Awal. Prophet Muhammad PBUH performed Jumuah prayer in the area of Banu Saalim. The camel of Prophet Muhammad's PBUH continued walking and finally sat in front of the house of Sayidina Abu Ayyoob Ansari.

  • The place where the camel of Prophet Muhammad PBUH sat was purchased and a Masjid was built on that spot which is called Masjid-e-Nabwi.

  • Prophet Muhammad PBUH enter into a treaty with Jews of madinah which was broken by Banu Qaynuqaa, Banu Nadheer, & Banur Quraizah in 2nd year, 4th year and in 5th year repectively.

  • Adhan was started for calling the people to assemble at the time of Salaah by rejecting the methods of Jews and christians.